Sunday, November 1, 2009

Hunedoara - The Castle of the Corvin Family

HUNEDOARA is a town situated in South-Western Transylvania, in Cerna Valley in The Poiana Rusc√£i Mountains within the Transylvanian Alps. It is a town with beautiful monuments and a rich past, but also an modern industrial town with a large metal processing factory. It is the most important center in the "Tara Hategului" (Hateg country) also known as the Iron Gates of Transylvania, a region with rich and unique history and traditions. Iron ores have been extracted in the area since the Iron Age and later in the Thracian and Roman times. One inscription discovered in the region by the name of "Corpus Inscriptiorum Latinorum" mentiones a local inhabitant as "natas ibi, ubi ferum nascitur", born "where the iron was born". Mentioned since the 12th century as a hub for leather tanning and wool processing, the town of Hunedoara became an important iron extracting and processing centers in Transylvania. In the 14th and 15th centuries the iron foundries and works were famous for their swords and spears. The first tall industrial furnace for iron extracting was built in 1750 in Toplita, and a later one in Govajdia in 1806. There is also a system of narrow-gauge railway built in the 19th and 20th centuries that still runs today through the breath-taking landscape of "Tara Padurenilor" (Woodlanders' country). The town is also known since the 14th century as the residence of the Corvin family. King Ioannus Corvinus of Hunedoara (Iancu Corvin de Hunedoara) built here in the 14th century the beautiful gothic style Corvin Castle which still stands today dominating the surrounding town reminding of the powerful rulers that reigned over these lands. Built in the 14th century, on the place of an old fortification, on a rock at which bottom flows the little river Zlasti, the castle is a great building, with high and diversely colored roofs, towers, windows and balconies adorned with laces from carvings in stone. Being one of the most important properties of Iancu de Hunedoara, the castle was transformed during his ruling. It becomes an sumptuous home, not only a strategical enforced point. With the passing of the years, the masters of the castle had modified its look, adding towers, halls and guest rooms. The gallery and the donjon - the last defense tower (the tower "Ne boisa" = Do not be afraid), remain unchanged from iancu de Hunedoara's time, as the Capistrano Tower (named after the famous monk from the castle court) are some of the most significant parts of the construction. Can be remembered also the Knights Hall (a great reception hall), Clubs Tower and the White bastion which served as food storage room, the Diet Hall, having on the walls painted medallions (among them there are the portraits of Matei Basarab, ruler from Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu, ruler of Moldavia). In the wing of the castle called the Mantle is seen vaguely enough, a painting regarding the legend of the raven from which came the name of the descendants of Iancu de Hunedoara: Corvini (in Romanian raven is "corb")
For those who are impressed by the presence that dominates the city of Hunedoara, attracted by the Middle Age and unique monument in Romania, one of the most interesting in Europe, you are welcome to visit Corvins Castle

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